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Effective Treatment for Cervical Cancer & Ovarian Cysts in Orlando

Florida Hospital Cancer Institute offers the latest and most effective treatment for cervical cancer and ovarian cysts in Orlando for residents of Central Florida and the surrounding regions. Cervical cancer occurs in the lower part of the uterus that opens into the vagina. It is usually a slow growing cancer, so you may not have any discernible symptoms. However, a Pap test can detect its presence, even if you don’t have any known symptoms. To learn more about treatment for cervical cancer in Orlando, or to schedule an appointment, call (407) 303-1700 or click here to fill out an online assistance form.

In most cases of cervical cancer, the cause is the human papillomavirus, or HPV for short. This virus is transmitted from one person to another through sexual intercourse. There are 40 different types of HPV viruses. Not all of them cause cancer and many go away on their own without medical intervention. Cervical cancers don’t always spread. But if they do, cancers of the cervix can also infect the lungs, liver, bladder, vagina and the rectum. While abstinence is the best way to prevent HPV,  a new vaccine on the market, Gardisil®, was recently approved for use on young women age 9 to 26. It prevents most strains of HPV that cause cervical cancer and genital warts.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

Unfortunately, cervical cancer doesn’t always have noticeable symptoms. And when it does, it can be confused with PMS or ovulation pain. When symptoms finally become obvious, it can often be a sign that cancer of the cervix is in its advanced stages. Or course, all women are different and may experience cervical cancer symptoms differently.

Symptoms of cervical cancer may include: 

  • Abnormal Bleeding. Abnormal vaginal bleeding can be a sign of cervical cancer. It can be either heavy or light during a given month.
  • Heavy Discharge. Increased vaginal discharge can be a symptom, especially if the discharge contains mucus, is thick or watery, or foul smelling. It’s a good idea to tell your doctor about any unusual discharge.
  • Pelvic Pain. When it’s not related to a menstrual cycle, pain in the pelvic region can be a sign of cervical cancer. The pain can be mild or severe and sharp or dull, lasting hours at a time.
  • Painful Urination. If you have pain when you urinate or general bladder pain, this could be an indication that the cervical cancer has either moved to a more advanced stage or has spread. 
  • Bleeding. Experiencing moderate to heavy bleeding between menstrual periods, after sexual intercourse or douching can be a symptom of cancer of the cervix. 

Bear in mind that many of cervical cancer symptoms can be symptoms of other conditions as well. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you may want to tell your doctor so he can perform a more detailed examination and order tests, if necessary.

To learn more about treatment for cervical cancer in Orlando, or to schedule an appointment, call (407) 303-1700 or click here to fill out an online assistance form.

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Causes of Cervical Cancer

The root cause of cervical cancer is severe changes in the cells of the cervix that are abnormal. Most of these changes occur in the transformation zone where cells are in a constant state of change. During this process of change, some cells can mutate due to an infection with high-risk forms of human papillomaviruses (HPVs), which is also known to cause skin and genital warts.

Other factors can increase the risk of cancer of the cervix, including:

  • A history of smoking. Studies have shown a correlation between smoking or a history of smoking and HPV infections. Smoking appears to make infections last longer, creating opportunities for the virus to infect the cells in the transformation zone. It’s far more likely cervical cell changes will go away on their own in non-smokers than smokers.
  • An impaired immune system. Women with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are more likely to get cervical cancer.
  • Long-term use of birth control pills. Some studies have shown that the use of birth control pills for more than five years can increase the incidence of cancer of the cervix.

These factors do not result in cancer of the cervix. Rather, when combined with an HPV infection, they are likely to create an environment for the cells in the transformation zone to become infected with HPV, which can lead to cervical cancer.

Cervical Cancer Statistics

At one time, cervical cancer was a leading cause of death in the United State. However, in the last 40 years, the number of cases and the number of deaths has dropped significantly. Today, cancer of the cervix is considered a ‘rare’ disease by the National Institute of Health, thanks to the prevalence of early testing through annual Pap tests. That’s not to say that cervical cancer isn’t a serious issue facing families in the U.S. Every hour a woman in America is told she has cervical cancer – approximately 13,000 women a year. Though incidences of cervical cancer remain low overall, it continues to be considerably higher for African American and Hispanic women.

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Stages of Cervical Cancer

If a biopsy comes back positive for cancer, your doctor will do an additional pelvic exam. In this exam, the physician may remove additional tissue so the extent of the disease can be fully determined. Known as ‘staging’, this process will uncover how far the cancer has spread to other tissues in the body.

Following are the stages of cervical cancer:

Stage 0 Cervical Cancer
Cancer is only found in the top layer of cells in the tissue that lines the cervix. This stage is also known as carcinoma in the situ.

Stage 1 Cervical Cancer
In Stage 1, the cervical cancer has spread into the lower layers of the cells of the cervix. The cancer has not yet spread beyond the cervix.

Stage 2 Cervical Cancer
Cancer of the cervix has spread into the upper part of the vagina but not other parts of the vagina or the pelvic wall.

Stage 3 Cervical Cancer
Here, the cancer has invaded the lower portion of the vagina. It may have also spread to the pelvic wall and the lymph nodes.

Stage 4 Cervical Cancer
Cervical cancer has reached the bladder, rectum or other parts of the body.

Recurrent Cancer
When cancer has been treated but has returned without detection, it is known as recurrent cancer.

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Research

Researchers throughout the world continue to work on new techniques, treatments and technologies to help patients not only cope with cervical cancer, but conquer it. 

Following are some of the most recent developments in cervical cancer research:

HPV vaccines

The initial vaccine developed to prevent cervical cancer, Gardasil, is just the first of many vaccines on the horizon. In addition to vaccines that are intended to produce immunity to HPV types 16 and 18, new vaccines are being developed to prevent other HPV strains from causing cancers and genital warts.

Experimental vaccines are also being studied to help destroy the HPV virus and cure any infections before cancer develops. Others being tested in trials are meant for women who have advanced forms of cervical cancer. 

Finally, there are vaccines being developed that produce an immune reaction to the parts of the HPV virus that cause cervical cancer cells to grow abnormally.

Other Cervical Cancer Research

New cancer research is being conducted in many areas, including clinical trials of new chemotherapy drugs, new ways to conduct radiation therapy and new treatments that combine surgery with radiation therapy or chemotherapy to attack and defeat cervical cancer on several fronts at once. Currently, the National Cancer Institute lists 169 clinical trials for cervical cancer and its stages.

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Treatment for Cervical Cancer

Treatment for cervical cancer will vary depending on the specific case. As always, if you need more time to consider your options, you can always take more time. All patients are free to choose not to have treatment and our staff will explain what may happen if you decide to not have it. The following treatment options may be recommended for cervical cancer:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
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Request an Appointment

To learn more about treatment for cervical cancer and ovarian cysts in Orlando, or to schedule an appointment, call (407) 303-1700 or click here to fill out an online assistance form.

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