Florida Hospital Cancer Institute ›› Cancer Programs ›› Gynecologic Cancer ›› Conditions ›› Benign Ovarian Cyst or Mass

Effective Treatment for Ovarian Cysts in Orlando

Florida Hospital Cancer Institute offers the latest and most effective treatment for ovarian cancer in Orlando for residents of Central Florida and the surrounding regions. Ovarian cancer can occur when a cyst (a fluid-filled sac) forms in the ovary. Ovarian cysts are common and, in the vast majority of cases, they are benign (noncancerous). They vary in size and may occur at different sites in the ovary; the most common type develops when an egg-producing follicle does not rupture and release the egg but instead swells with fluid and forms a follicular cyst. To learn more about treatment for benign ovarian cysts in Orlando, or to schedule an appointment, call (407) 303-1700 or click here to fill out an online assistance form.

Ovarian cysts often disappear on their own without treatment, but in some cases they may require surgical removal. In rare cases a cyst that twists or ruptures may cause serious complications warranting emergency surgery. Our physicians are experts at diagnosing and treating ovarian cysts. While ovarian cysts are mostly benign and harmless, there are cases where they can be cancerous or dangerous to a woman’s future fertility.

Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts

Signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer can include:

  • In many cases, ovarian cysts produce no symptoms.
  • Mild abdominal ache.
  • Abdominal swelling or a feeling of fullness or pressure.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse.
  • Menstrual irregularities including absence of menstrual bleeding (amenorrhea), heavy bleeding (menorrhagia), and painful periods (dysmenorrhea).
  • Unusual hair growth on the face and body caused by an increased production of masculinizing hormones (hirsutism).
  • Sudden, sharp abdominal pain, fever, and nausea if a cyst becomes twisted or ruptures.
  • Rarely, painful, frequent urination-or urinary retention-if a cyst presses against the bladder.

If you experience any of the symptoms of ovarian cysts, call a gynecologist. If you have been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst and you experience sudden, sharp abdominal pain, fever, or vomiting, see a doctor immediately.

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Tests to Diagnose Ovarian Cysts

A gynecological examination is necessary to diagnose an ovarian cyst. If a lump or mass in the ovary is detected, further tests are necessary to rule out the possibility of ovarian cancer.

Your doctor may perform one or more tests to diagnose a benign ovarian cyst:

  • Pelvic Exam

Oftentimes, ovarian cysts are detected during a routine pelvic exam. But because the pelvic exam cannot produce a definitive diagnosis, the next step is to perform a vaginal sonogram.

  • Vaginal sonogram

This imaging test allows a physician to get the most accurate picture of the ovary and cyst. The test is performed by inserting a small instrument into the vagina, which then bounces sound waves off your uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries, forming a picture on a monitor. This image enables the doctor to determine with accuracy the size of the cyst and, just as importantly, to see inside it and detect whether it is solid or fluid-filled. While the vaginal sonogram detects the presence of a cyst, it cannot verify whether it is benign or malignant. Therefore, if the sonogram detects a cyst, the next step may be the surgical removal of the cyst to find out if it is malignant or benign.

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Causes of Ovarian Cysts

‌In most instances, ovarian cysts may develop as a result of a woman's mentsrual cycle and are known as functional cysts. Just like any cancerous or benign tumor, cysts can form in the overies as a result of the genetic mutation of cells. 

There are three types of ovarian tumors:

  • Epithelial cell tumors start from the cells on the surface of the ovaries. These are the most common type of ovarian tumors.
  • Germ cell tumors start in the cells that produce the eggs. They can either be benign or cancerous. Most are benign.
  • Stromal tumors originate in the cells that produce female hormones.
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Risk Factors for Ovarian Cysts

Although researchers don't know what causes genetic mutations to occur, they do know the risk factors for developing ovarian cancer. These include the following:

  • Age - specifically women who have gone through menopause
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Not having children or not breastfeeding 
  • Taking fertility drugs 
  • Hormone replacement therapy
  • Family or personal history of ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer 
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Treatment for Ovarian Cysts

Your physician may recommend the following treatment for ovarian cysts depending on your age, the type and size of the cyst, and your symptoms: 

  • Watch and Wait. Often, upon finding a cyst, your physician may have you come back to be rexamined in a few months to see if it has gone away on its own. This is a common option if you have no symptoms and an ultrasound test shows you have a small, fluid-filled cyst. Your physician will likely tell you to get follow-up pelvic ultrasounds at specific intervals to see if the cyst has changed in size. 
  • Birth Controll Pills. In many cases, your physician may recommend birth control pills to reduce the chance of new cysts growing during future mentrual cycles. The benefit to oral contraceptives is that they significanly lower the risk of ovarian cancer, a risk that continues to decline the longer you take birth control pills. 
  • Surgery. If an ovarian cyst is large, growing, or continues to develop through several menstrual cycles, your physician may recommend having it surgically removed (especially if the cyst is causing pain or other symptoms). 
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Request an Appointment

To learn more about treatment for ovarian cysts in Orlando, or to schedule an appointment, call (407) 303-1700 or click here to fill out an online assistance form.

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