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Gliomas

< Brain & Spine Cancer

Gliomas

About Gliomas

Gliomas are not a specific type of brain tumor. Glioma is a general term for tumors that start in glial cells. A number of tumors can be considered gliomas, including:

  • Astrocytomas (which include glioblastomas)
  • Oligodendrogliomas
  • Ependymomas

About 3 out of 10 of all brain tumors are gliomas. Most fast-growing brain tumors are gliomas.


Symptoms

The symptoms of glioma vary by tumor type as well as the tumor's size, location and rate of growth.

Common signs and symptoms of gliomas include:

  • Confusion or a decline in brain function
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Headache
  • Memory loss
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Personality changes or irritability
  • Seizures, especially in someone without a history of seizures
  • Speech difficulties
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision

Risk Factors

Like most primary brain tumors, the exact cause of gliomas is not known. But there are some factors that may increase your risk of a brain tumor. Risk factors include:

  • Exposure to radation
  • Family history of glioma
  • Older age

Online Cancer Help Library

We've seen first-hand that patient education is key to feeling confident and empowered throughout your treatment journey. That’s why we’ve created an extensive education resource to help you better understand your specific tumor type. The more you and your support system know about your condition and how to care for yourself before, during and after your cancer treatment, the more likely you are to follow your team’s medical recommendations throughout the process.
 

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